The State Kremlin Palace
The State Kremlin Palace is located in the Moscow Kremlin. It is a major centre of Russia’s socio-political and cultural life. Held here are international forums, regional congresses, and also congresses of organizations involved in our country’s economic and cultural development. The State Kremlin Palace also serves as a concert hall for show biz stars with world names and as a venue for performances by Russian and foreign ballet and opera stars.
In the present-day Kremlin, there are two Kremlin Palaces. One of them is the above-mentioned State Kremlin Palace, the other – the Great Kremlin Palace, situated on the southern incline of Borovitsky Hill. Dating back to the 15th century, it has been added to at various times since then. The Kremlin Palace of Congresses first opened its doors to delegates and guests of the 22nd Congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union on 17 October 1961. It took just two years to build. Subsequently, the Palace was used as a venue for important party, state, social and international events, and also as the Bolshoi Theatre of the USSR’s 2nd stage and for theatrical spectaculars. For the designing and building of the Kremlin Palace of Congresses the following architects and engineers were awarded the Lenin prize (1962): M. V. Posokhin (leader of the project), A. A. Mndoyants, E. N. Stamo, P. P. Shteller, G. N. Lvov, A. N. Kondratiev, A. I. Kochetov. The Palace is built in the form of a triangle. It is 121m. long, 73m. wide, 27m. high. It covers an area of 400 thousand cubic metres. It contains over 800 rooms of different sizes, with an overall usable area of 55.6 thousand square metres. The Palace is sunk into the ground to a depth of 15‑16 metres (roughly equivalent to a five floor modern block of flats).
The State Kremlin Palace is connected to the Great Kremlin Palace by two passages and a small winter garden. Adjoining its eastern façade is an overhead glassed-in passage to the old chambers of the Patriarch’s Palace. The main entrance to the State Kremlin Palace, with its huge glass portal, is situated opposite the Arsenal.
The State Kremlin Palace main foyer covers an area of about 2 thousand square metres. The foyer’s decorative frieze is hung with the crests of the 15 republics of the former USSR and scarlet flags. The mosaics are done to the design of artist Alexander Deyneka. The auditorium seats 6000. In terms of its size and its state of the art equipment, it is one of Europe’s biggest and finest auditoriums.
General director and artistic director of the State Kremlin Palace is People’s Artist of Russia Pyotr Shaboltay.
The audience enters the State Kremlin Palace through the North-west Kremlin wall, passing through the Kutaf’ya Tower and then the Trinity Tower.